Female infertility: Everything you need to know

Female infertility: Everything you need to know

There are many factors that can contribute to infertility in women. Female infertility can be caused by a number of different things, including problems with the female reproductive system, health issues, age, and genetics. If you’re experiencing difficulty getting pregnant or have concerns about your fertility, it’s important to discuss these issues with your doctor. Read this article to learn more about this condition.

What is female infertility?

Infertility is defined as trying to get pregnant with frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year with no success. This results from female factors about one-third of the time and both female and male factors about one-third of the time. The cause is either unknown or a combination of male and female factors in the remaining cases.

Female infertility causes can be difficult to diagnose. There are many treatments, depending on the infertility cause. Many infertile couples will go on to conceive a child without treatment.

What causes it?

PCOS, menstrual cycle and female infertility

There are many potential causes of female infertility. Some are environmental, such as exposure to toxins like lead or pesticides. Others are medical conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes, abnormal cervical mucus, pelvic inflammatory disease, hypothalamic dysfunction, primary ovarian insufficiency, or endometriosis.

PCOS causes a hormone imbalance, which affects ovulation. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, between 1 in 10 and 1 in 20 American women has PCOS, occurring in girls as young as 11 years old. PCOS is associated with insulin resistance and obesity, abnormal hair growth on the face or body, and acne. It’s the most common cause of female infertility.

Primary ovarian insufficiency, on the other hand, is usually caused by an autoimmune response or by premature loss of eggs from your ovary, possibly as a result of genetics or chemotherapy. The ovary no longer produces eggs, and it lowers estrogen production in women under age 40.

Endometriosis occurs when tissue that typically grows in the uterus implants and grows in other places. This extra tissue growth — and the surgical removal of it — can cause scarring, which can block fallopian tube and keep an egg and sperm from uniting.

In addition, endometriosis can disrupt implantation of the fertilized egg. The condition also seems to affect fertility in less-direct ways, such as damage to the sperm or egg.

Still others are caused by problems with the woman’s anatomy, such as blocked fallopian tubes or uterine and cervical causes. In many cases, the cause of infertility is unknown.

Who is at risk for female infertility?

Female infertility is a problem that affects many couples around the world. While it can be difficult to determine who is at risk for female infertility, there are some factors that can increase a woman’s chances of having difficulty getting pregnant. Some of these risk factors include age, smoking, obesity, and being under or over-weight.

Additionally, women who have had surgery on their reproductive organs or who have been diagnosed with certain medical conditions may also be more likely to experience fertility problems.

If you are concerned that you may be at risk for female infertility, it is important to speak with your doctor about your options. There are many treatments available for women who are struggling to conceive, and with the help of a qualified physician, you can increase your chances of becoming pregnant.

Risk factors

Female infertility and women's health

There are many potential risk factors for female infertility. Some of the more common ones include age, previous history of fertility problems, race, weight, smoking, and drinking. Many other factors cannot be easily determined or may only affect a small percentage of women. Overall, female infertility can be caused by a variety of problems that arise from the female reproductive system.


Age is a significant factor when it comes to female infertility. As a woman ages, her chances of becoming pregnant decrease and the risk for miscarriage increases. This is because as a woman gets older, her eggs become less viable and her body’s ability to support a pregnancy declines. Additionally, older women are more likely to experience health complications during pregnancy. These health problems can lead to premature delivery, which is a leading cause of infertility.


In our society, there is an unreasonable obsession with the number on the scale. It seems that no matter what your size, someone is always trying to make you feel like you need to lose weight. The thing is, for some people, their weight really is a health issue. This is especially true for women when it comes to female infertility.

There are many factors that can contribute to a woman’s inability to conceive a child, but weight is one of the most significant.

Women who are overweight or obese have a much harder time getting pregnant than those who maintain a healthy weight. This is because obesity can cause hormone imbalances and affect ovulation.

Additionally, excess body fat increases the risk of developing other health problems that can interfere with fertility, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease.

Sexual history

Sexually transmitted infections and female infertility

According to the World Health Oragnization, one in every six couples experiences difficulty conceiving a child. In fact, infertility is now considered a global health problem. While both men and women can experience infertility, it is more common in women. And while there are many factors that can contribute to female infertility, sexual history is one of them.

There are many ways that sexual history can contribute to female infertility. For example, if a woman has had multiple sexual partners or has contracted a sexually transmitted infection (STI), this can increase her risk of infertility. Additionally, if a woman has had an abortion or miscarriage, this can also increase her risk of infertility.

So why is sexual history such a risk factor for female infertility? Well, there are several reasons. First of all, STIs can damage the reproductive organs and lead to fertility problems. Secondly, STIs can cause the immune system to attack the reproductive organs and interfere with their ability to make healthy eggs.


Though alcohol consumption is often considered a male health concern, new research suggests that alcohol is also a risk factor for female infertility. A study published in the journal Fertility and Sterility found that women who drink more than two alcoholic beverages per day are at risk for ovulatory problems and infertility. The study also found that light to moderate drinkers were more likely to have irregular periods and difficulty getting pregnant than women who abstained from alcohol altogether.

While the exact mechanism by which alcohol affects fertility is not yet known, researchers believe that it may interfere with the production of hormones like estrogen and progesterone, which are necessary for ovulation and maintaining a pregnancy. Alcohol consumption has also been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage and birth defects.


Smoking cigarettes is a leading preventable cause of death in the United States. In addition to causing cardiovascular disease, stroke, and lung cancer, smoking also increases the risk of female infertility. Studies have shown that smoking can decrease a woman’s fertility by up to 30 percent, and that quitting smoking can improve her fertility.

The mechanisms by which smoking causes infertility are not completely understood, but it is thought that cigarette smoke contains toxins that damage the ovaries and reproductive organs. Additionally, smokers tend to have lower levels of estrogen than nonsmokers, which can affect ovulation and fertility.

How common is female infertility?

In the United States, about 10 percent of women aged 15-44 have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a baby to term, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Female infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant after one year of unprotected sex. While it’s not clear exactly how common female infertility is, it’s safe to say that it’s more common than many people think.

How does age impact female infertility?

Age is a significant factor when it comes to female infertility. As women age, their fertility decreases. This is due to a decrease in the number of eggs available, as well as an increase in problems with egg quality.

Additionally, older women are more likely to experience health conditions that can impact fertility. For these reasons, older women are often less successful when trying to conceive than younger women.

How is female infertility treated?

Reproductive medicine for female infertility

Treatments for female infertility can either attempt to restore fertility through medication or surgery, or help you get pregnant with sophisticated techniques.

For example, medications that regulate or stimulate ovulation are known as fertility drugs. Fertility drugs are the main treatment for women who are infertile due to ovulation disorders.

Fertility drugs generally work like natural hormones — follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) — to trigger ovulation. They’re also used in women who ovulate to try to stimulate a better egg or an extra egg or eggs. Some fertility drugs include clomiphene citrate, gonadotropins such as human menopausal gonadotropin or hMG (Menopur) and FSH (Gonal-F, Follistim AQ, Bravelle), metformin, and letrozole.

In addition, several surgical procedures can correct problems or otherwise improve female fertility. However, surgical treatments for fertility are rare these days due to the success of other treatments. They include laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery and tubal surgeries. Moreover, reproductive assistance methods such as intrauterine insemination and assisted reproductive technology are also available for female infertility.

Bottom line

In conclusion, female infertility is a real and serious problem that affects many women. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of female infertility, please see a doctor right away. There are many treatments available for female infertility, so there is no need to suffer in silence. Thank you for reading this article.


What causes female infertility?

There are many potential causes of female infertility, some of which are still being investigated. Infertility is a problem that can affect either men or women. In women, it is estimated that around 10-15% of cases are due to female infertility. This means that, for every 100 women in the population, around 10 to 15 will experience difficulty becoming pregnant.

There are many causes of female infertility and each person experiences it differently. Some common causes include problems with the ovaries themselves (such as anovulation), problems with the uterus (such as fibroids or endometriosis), and problems with the male partner (such as low sperm count).

What are the types of female infertility?

In women, infertility may be caused by problems with ovulation, problems with the fallopian tubes, or problems with the uterus. About one-third of infertility cases are due to female factors. There are three main types of female infertility: ovulation failure in which the ovaries do not release eggs regularly, problems with the fallopian tubes that impair egg transport to the uterus, and a problem with the uterus such as scar tissue, endometriosis or adhesions.

What is meant by female fertility?

Female fertility is the ability to produce offspring. It is determined by a woman’s age, health, and lifestyle. Female fertility starts to decline around the age of 32 and decreases more rapidly after the age of 37. After age 40, women are considered infertile. However, at age 35, the chance of a woman conceiving without fertility treatment is about 8 percent. After age 45, the chances drop rapidly and for most women by age 50 it is less than 5 percent.

Why is research on infertility important?

In the United States, one in eight couples struggles with infertility. Infertility is a medical condition that affects both men and women and prevents them from being able to have a baby. In order to overcome infertility, it is important for researchers to continue to study the causes and possible treatments for infertility.

One of the reasons why research on infertility is so important is because there are many unknowns about the condition. Researchers are still trying to figure out what causes infertility in men and women and how best to treat it. Additionally, fertility treatments can be expensive and often require multiple rounds of treatment in order to be successful.

By continuing to conduct research on infertility, doctors will be able to develop new and improved fertility treatments that are more effective and less expensive. This will help more couples overcome their infertility and achieve their dream of becoming parents.

What is sterility in a woman?

Sterility is the inability of a woman to conceive a child. It is a common problem, affecting more than 10 percent of couples who are trying to have children. There are many reasons why a woman might be sterile, including problems with her reproductive organs or with her hormones. Sometimes sterility can be treated and the woman can go on to have children, but in other cases it is permanent and the couple must use other methods of contraception.

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