Risk factors for infertility: What do the experts say?

Risk factors for infertility: What do the experts say?

Infertility is a condition in which a couple cannot conceive a child. There are many possible causes, but the most common ones are problems with the male or female reproductive system. Men can have problems with their sperm production, while women may have trouble getting pregnant due to problems with their ovaries or uterus. Some of the risk factors will be discussed in this article.

What is infertility?

Infertility and reproductive health

Healthcare providers consider a couple infertile if they try but fail to get pregnant within one year. When the woman is older than 35, the amount of time trying to conceive drops to six months for an infertility diagnosis. In women over 40, immediate evaluation is warranted. Infertility does not include miscarrying or being unable to carry a baby to childbirth.

Causes of infertility

There are many potential causes of infertility in women. Some may be due to anatomical problems, while others may be due to hormonal imbalances or other medical conditions. In some cases, the cause of infertility is unknown.

In men, there are many things that can affect fertility, some of which are treatable. The most common cause of infertility in men is a low sperm count, followed by problems with sperm motility or morphology.

Other causes of infertility in men include blockages in the reproductive tract, hormone imbalances, and genetic disorders. Many cases of male infertility can be treated with medication or surgery, but sometimes assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) are necessary.

Risk factors

Infertility is a problem that affects one in six couples. In most cases, the problem is with the woman, but infertility can also be caused by the man. There are many different risk factors for infertility in men and women. Some are environmental factors, while others are due to lifestyle choices or health problems.


According to the Mayo Clinic, “Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance your body needs for normal function. It’s produced by the liver and is also found in some foods.” However, too much cholesterol can be a problem.

For example, “High levels of cholesterol can increase your risk of heart disease and stroke. They can also affect your fertility and cause other health problems.” This is particularly true for men, who have been shown to have lower fertility rates when their cholesterol levels are high. In one study, ” researchers found that men with total cholesterol levels over 240 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) were almost half as likely to father a child as men with total cholesterol levels below 200 mg/dL.”

While it’s important to keep an eye on your cholesterol level, there are things you can do to improve them if they’re too high.

In women, high levels of LDL cholesterol have been linked with an increased risk of infertility. One study found that women with high levels of LDL cholesterol were twice as likely to have difficulty getting pregnant than women with normal levels of LDL cholesterol.

Medical conditions

Medical conditions and female fertility

In women, there are many medical conditions that can increase the risk of infertility. Conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis, and thyroid disorders can all lead to infertility. For example, endometriosis, which occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus, may affect the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.

Other conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, cancer, and obesity can also lead to infertility. Often times, the cause of infertility is unknown, but these conditions are known to be risk factors.

On the other hand, medical conditions as risk factors for infertility in men include: varicocele, cystic fibrosis, undescended testes, Klinefelter Syndrome, and others. Each of these medical conditions can lead to infertility because of the damage they cause to the sperm-producing cells in the testes.

In some cases, the medical condition can be treated and reversed, leading to improved sperm quality and fertility. In other cases, however, the infertility is permanent and treatment options are limited.

Medications, treatments, and drugs

One of the primary causes of infertility is the use of medications, treatments, and drugs. Ovarian stimulation medications, such as clomiphene citrate and gonadotropins, are commonly used to induce ovulation. However, these medications can also lead to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), a condition that can cause infertility.

Other treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, can also damage the reproductive organs and lead to infertility. Finally, illegal drugs such as marijuana and cocaine can also cause infertility by disrupting hormone levels or interfering with ovulation.

In men, two common medications that increase the risk of fertility problems in men include sulfasalazine and anabolic steroids. Sulfasalazine is an anti-inflammatory drug that can significantly affect sperm production. It is often prescribed for Crohn’s disease or rheumatoid arthritis. Sperm count often returns to normal after stopping the medication.

On the other hand, anabolic steroids are popular with bodybuilders and athletes which with long-term use can seriously reduce sperm count and mobility.

Fertility treatments

Fertility treatment for couples

Fertility treatments are often used to help couples conceive a baby. There are many different types of fertility treatments, and each one has its own set of risks and benefits. Some common fertility treatments include ovulation induction, in vitro fertilization (IVF), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

Assisted conception

In the United States, about 1.5% of all babies are born through assisted conception. It is a term used to describe a number of different fertility treatments. This means that doctors help the process along by either injecting sperm directly into the egg or by using a tube to place the egg and sperm together outside of the body.

These treatments involve using medical help to increase the chance of getting pregnant. This can include procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Assisted reproductive technology can also be done with third-party involved. This include couple using donor eggs, donor sperm or donor embryos. Some couples need a gestational carrier or surrogate. This person agrees to carry and give birth to your baby.

IVF is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) used as infertility treatment. It involves harvesting the eggs at the end of the stimulation and placing sperm and eggs together in a lab dish. The sperm fertilize the eggs. A provider transfers one of the fertilized eggs (embryo) into the uterus.

Relatedly, intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) involves injecting a single healthy sperm directly into a mature egg. ICSI is often used when there is poor semen quality or quantity, or if fertilization attempts during prior IVF cycles failed.

Surgical procedures for women

Medical treatments for infertility have come a long way over the years. There are now a variety of surgical procedures that can be used to help women become pregnant. One such surgery is called laparoscopic ovarian drilling. This surgery is used to treat polycystic ovarian syndrome, a condition that affects ovulation and can make it difficult or impossible for a woman to get pregnant.

In addition, this surgery involves a laparoscopy where the surgeon inserts a camera into the abdomen and then uses surgical tools to make small holes in the ovaries. This can help drain fluid from the ovaries, which can help improve fertility.

Reducing the risk of multiple pregnancies

In the United States, there is a growing trend of multiple pregnancies. This is due in part to the increasing use of fertility treatments, which often result in more than one baby being born at a time.

While most multiple pregnancies are healthy, there is a greater risk for complications such as premature birth and low birth weight. In addition, mothers of multiples are at increased risk for develop pregnancy-related health problems, such as high blood pressure and gestational diabetes.

Fortunately, there are steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of multiple pregnancies. One important step is to use fertility treatments only when necessary and to carefully follow the doctor’s instructions.

Another step is to get regular prenatal care, including early screenings for multiple pregnancies. Mothers of multiples should also avoid smoking and drinking alcohol during pregnancy, and should eat a healthy diet.

Bottom line

In conclusion, infertility is a complex problem that can have many causes. While some cases may be due to a clear medical condition, in many cases the cause is unknown. There are a number of risk factors which may increase the chance of infertility, including age, weight, and lifestyle factors. However, there are also many ways to improve fertility and increase the chance of conception. Couples who are struggling with infertility should consult with a doctor to determine the best course of treatment.


What are the risk factors for infertility?

In the United States, infertility is defined as not being able to conceive a baby after one year of unprotected sex. Infertility is a condition that affects approximately 1 in 10 couples.

While the cause of infertility can often be difficult to determine, there are a number of risk factors that can increase your chances of experiencing difficulty conceiving. Some of these risk factors include: Advanced age, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, being overweight or obese, and having a history of pelvic inflammatory disease.

Additionally, certain medical conditions and treatments can also lead to infertility. If you are experiencing difficulty conceiving, it is important to talk to your doctor about your risk factors and any steps you can take to improve your chances of becoming pregnant.

What are the causes of infertility in females?

Female infertility is a problem that affects about 10% of couples trying to conceive. There are many potential causes of infertility in females, including ovulatory dysfunction, tubal damage, endometriosis, and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Many times, the cause of infertility cannot be identified. However, treatments are available for most causes of female infertility.

What is the most common cause of infertility in females?

The most common cause of infertility in females is problems with ovulation. This means that the ovaries don’t release eggs regularly, which makes it difficult for a woman to get pregnant. There are many things that can cause ovulation problems, including hormone problems, blocked fallopian tubes, primary ovarian insufficiency, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS, is a common condition that causes the ovaries to have many small cysts (follicles) on them. This is called hyperandrogenism. The follicles produce more androgens, which can lead to problems with ovulation. PCOS is a common cause of infertility in women.

How common is infertility in females?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying (or six months if you’re 35 or older). About 12 percent of women in the United States have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a baby to term.

Female infertility is often caused by problems with ovulation, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome. Other causes include blocked fallopian tubes, uterine abnormalities, and endometriosis.

Who is most likely to be infertile?

The most common cause of infertility is problems with ovulation, which can be due to a variety of factors including age, weight, and hormone imbalance. For women over the age of 35, fertility begins to decline and by the time a woman reaches 42, her chances of getting pregnant drop significantly. Obesity is also a leading cause of infertility, as excess weight can interfere with ovulation. Finally, hormonal imbalance can lead to infertility in both men and women.

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